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原标题:澳门葡京:英语简单句,2016考研英语

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  并列句和着力复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语轻便句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点一

  并列复合句是由多个或八个以上并列而又单独的粗略句构成。八个轻巧句常由并列连接词连在一起;但神迹并非连接词,只在七个简易句之间用壹逗号或分集团。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  一.as...as.。。教导的相比较级:(一)“as 形容词或副词原级 as 被相比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像你同样学习努力。

  二、常见的并列句:

立陶宛共和国(Republic of Lithuania)语轻巧句、并列句、复合句解析

  (二)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (一) 用来连接八个并列概念的连年词有and , not only…but also…, neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往代表先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持壹致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第一个分句用现在时。

大约句、并列句和复合句

  贰.only教导的倒装句型:only 状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (二) 表示在两者之间接选举用多个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持①致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第三个分句用将来时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有任劳任怨、正直,1人在生活中才具成功。 

  (三) 注解三个概念相互有龃龉、相反可能转发, 常用的连日词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态壹致。

  1. 一言以蔽之句只包括八个主谓结构.

  2. 四种轻易句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  唯有这位女生知道什么样解那道题。

  (肆) 表达原因, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主 谓. He comes at last.

  三.wish指导的虚拟语气:wish 前边的从句,今世表与实际相反的情况,或代表将来不太大概落成的意思时,其宾语从句的动词形式为: 

  (伍) 表示结果,用一连词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主 系 表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴代表对当今状态的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be 的谢世式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    小编期待精晓这几个题指标答案。(可惜不清楚。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主 谓 宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵代表对过去状态的虚拟:从句动词用had 过去分词。 

  主从复合句由一个主句和八个或三个之上的从句构成。主句为句子的关键性,从句只用作句子的3个援助成分,不可能独立成为一个句子。从句平常由关联词指引,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一同。如:While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.(伯公曾祖母们很爱儿女,同时对她们也严俊要求。) / It seemed as if the meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不比了。) / However I cook eggs, the child still refuses to eat them.(不管作者用怎样方法煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

4) 主 谓 间宾 直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  笔者后悔不应当浪费这么多时间。( 实际晚春经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主 谓 宾 宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶表示对以往的无理愿望:谓语动词格局为“would/ should/ could/ might 动词原形”。在那种场合下,主句的主语与从句的主语无法一如既往,因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能或无法落到实处,取决于从句主语的千姿百态或希望(非动作名词除却) 。 

  从句按其在复合句中的功能,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下每一种)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能终止。 

  三、各从句在句子中的地方以及用法:

并列句:多个或几个以上的简练句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够代表请求,平时意味着说话人的不适或不满。

  (1) 表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它座落主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  笔者期待您安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever.

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  肆.it方式宾语:和it 作方式主语同样,  大家常用it 来作格局宾语, 把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 那种景观尤为出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

  (贰) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他表明他不会投降。 

  1骨干情势:(主句+)连词 从句主语 从句谓语 ...

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she succeeded.

  5.The 比较级,the 比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

  贰 关于宾语从句连词的挑选:

  1. 意味着选取事关和否定条件的有or(还是,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。咱们越害怕困难,困难就会变得越壮大。

  若从句出自3个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够大约;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点二

  若从句出自八个形似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  一. 宾语从句:一般难点句做宾语,引入if或whether

  若从句出自贰个例外疑问句,则连词正是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 代表转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  比方:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of human beings.(他们相信Computer终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster. (笔者不驾驭是或不是该为他在校长眼前说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall 伊萨y something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could get such medicine. (他问小编在何处能搞到那么的药。) (从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.纵然她年轻,但做事着力。

  二. 缘由状语从句:since引导的

  三宾语从句的时态难题:如若主句是今后时,从句则用现时某暂且态,以致能够用过去时;

  1. 代表因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是过去时,从句则对应地动用过去某临时态,遭遇客观真理时照旧用现时时。如:I think I will do better in English this term. (笔者想本学期作者的匈牙利(Hungary)语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the earth is round. (老师问那么些男孩地球是否圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 笔者的腿疼,由此小编去看医师。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

  肆 下列结构后边的从句一般也视作宾语从句对待:

考点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late. (对不起,笔者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment. (或然他此时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的教导词

  四. If虚拟条件句

  (三) 状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其地方能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分为时间、地方、原因、目的、结果、相比、妥洽、条件等两种。状语从句由从属连接词指引。

(1)教导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中时常省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could 动原
跟过去事实相反 had done would/should/might/could have done
跟将来事实相反 should 动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could 动原

  时间状语从句日常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as ,since, till (until), while, whenever 等携带。时间状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不容许使用现在时,而相应用明天时替代。如: When you finish the work, you may go out to play with 山姆. (你成功职业就能够出来和吉姆一齐玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes back. (母亲回来了本人才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  伍. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句平常由 where, wherever等指导。如:Go back where you came from! (哪儿来还滚到哪儿去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief who stole my necklace wherever he may be. (小编长久也不会忘记去吸引那三个偷小编项链的贼,无论她会在哪儿。)

(二) 引导一般难题句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

  原因状语从句平日由because, since, as等引导,一般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had found a good university for him. (他出国了,因为他父亲给他找了1所好高校。)

She asked me if whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  陆.状语从句简单(分词作状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语壹致,状从简单接纳分词作者状语。例句:

  目的状语从句普通由so that..., so...hat..., in order that... 等带领,往往放在句尾,从句中见怪不怪含有can / could / may / might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first train. (他启程更早为的是境遇第一班车。)

(三) 引导特殊疑问句,要用原来的奇怪疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句平常由 so that..., so...that... 等指点,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般代表曾经发生的职业,故多为过去时态。如:He lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one. (他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点三

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  一.并列句:由and, or , but连接的多少个句子成为并列句。

  比较状语从句平日由as, than, as (so)...as等辅导,一般大约从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane is much taller than I/me. (Jane比本人高多了。) / I don’t have as many books as you (do). (小编书未有您多)

I want to know when the train left.

  二.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“前者情形适用于子孙后代”。例句:

  妥胁状语从句普通由though (although), as, even if( even though), however, whatever等带领。如:伊芙n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me. (就算你替本身还了债作者也不会多谢您,因为它与自己毫非亲非故系。) / He wears a T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件马夹衫,即使天比非常冰冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句普通由if, unless, as longas等教导,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句差别意行使今后时,而应该用以往时替代。You will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much harder. (即现在到的期末考试你势必考不比格,除非您更用心。) / If it doesn’ t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking. (尽管今日不降水大家就要去徒步游历。)

(一)主句是形似未来时,一般今后时或祈使句,宾语从句可依靠实际必要选拔各类时态。

  三.定语从句 who教导的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意] 一、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so无法同在三个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教我们土耳其共和国(The Republic of Turkey)语的分外女孩吧?

  二、时间、条件、原因,退让状语从句放在句首时须求用逗号与主句隔绝。

(二) 主句是病故时态,宾语从句应选用过去时的呼应时态。

  伍.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (四) 定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  四.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

  一 定语从句的职位:放在名词或代词的背后。如:The man who has an umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了壹把雨伞的人是本人的老伯。)

(三) 假设宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么样时态,从句都用一般今后时。

  伍.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

  2语法术语的变动:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;教导定语从句的连天词称为关系词,个中that、which、who称为关联代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  陆.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since 的不一样之处在于,now that 引出的必须是贰个新出现的事实或情状,如若照旧依然,和过去看待并不曾变动,则不用 now that 携带。

  3 关系代词或关系副词的功效:

  1. 澳门葡京:英语简单句,2016考研英语。练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然大家把装有资料都打算好了,大家应该立刻开头那项新的做事。

  关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物, 有时也指人,它们在从句中得以作主语或宾语。定语从句中涉及代词作者从句宾语时得以轻巧。This is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days. (这些正是我们多年来一向在找的窃贼。) / Please find a room which is big enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间丰硕大能住下大家凡事的屋子。)

1)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?” (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  七. 缘由状从:for的用法。由because 教导的从句假若放在句末,且前边有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for 来替代。但假若不是验证直接原因,而是多样景况再说推断,就不得不用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他后天没来,因为她患有了。

  关系副词when或where指引定语从句时,它们在从句中分头作时间状语和地址状语。如:This is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago. (那是三个礼拜前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I first saw you. (笔者长久不会遗忘第二回见到您的光阴。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  8. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  四限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能够轻巧,不然主句意思就不完全。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,那种从句是一种附加表明,假如从句子中节约,也不致于影响主句的意味。如:She spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us had heard of. (她一个夜晚都在争论她多年来的书,大家1个人都并未有听闻过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  玖. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  1、关系代词只好用that的境况:

3) --- Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 合营化的优点在于能拉动相互竞争。

  超过行词是指事物的骚动代词(all, anything等),或先行词部分含有最高端,或带有序数词时,无法用别的的涉及代词,只好用that. 如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉小编的话就像是不真实。) / Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside? (能或不能够给自家点里面未有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that runs in our city. (那是第三辆运营于笔者市的双层公共交通车。)

--- I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  十. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

  2、关系代词在从句中作主语时相似用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you help

  文章来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner? (你认知那么些在角落里哭泣的妇女呢?) / Do not tell me any words that have nothing to do with me. (跟自家非亲非故的话,请三个字也不用说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______ (rise) inthe east.

  3、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词通常省略。

考试场点4 状语从句

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to. (汤姆的老爹是我们教育工笔者先是个出口的人。)

一、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  肆、当提到代词紧跟在介词前面时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又有什么不可利用that或who.

一.地址状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地址状语从句普通由 where 教导。

  (五) 主语从句:在句子中担负句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词在此以前。平常由that,whether以及难题连词携带。一般情形下,常用it代替主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When we should start is still a question. (大家该在怎么时候起先照旧个难题呢。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  间接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  一、直接引语和直接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的讲话,称为间接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用自身的用语来转述表明原来说话人说的始末,称为直接引语。

2.小时状语从句(主句用今后时,从句用一般今后时)

  2、直接引语改换为直接引语:

岁月状语从句的引导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since, while, as 等

  1、直接引语倘诺是陈述句,变为直接引语时应小心以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  一不用引号,而用一而再词that,但神跡可粗略。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  贰人称之为相应改动;

三.尺度状语从句

  3主句里的动词假设是病故时,直接引语中的时态一般应作相应改动: 一般现在时变一般过去时;一般以后时变过去以往时;今后进行时变过去进行时;今后达成时改为过去完成时;一般过去时成为过去达成时;但一般过去时如与三个有血有肉的辞世时间连用,则时态不变。

在规则状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,"I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

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